Research interests: Data visualization, critical data studies, digital media, science and technology studies, human-computer interaction, disability studies
- Assistant Professor, Computational Media and Design, MIT (2023–)
- Faculty Associate, Berkman Klein Center for Internet and Society, Harvard University (2022–)
- Senior Fellow, Responsible Computing Challenge, Mozilla (2022–)
- Postdoctoral Associate, Schwarzman College of Computing, MIT (2022–23)
- Visiting Scientist, Joint Research Center (Italy), European Commission (2018)
- PhD, History, Anthropology, Science, Technology, and Society, MIT (2022)
- MA, History of Science, Stanford University (2016)
- BA (high honors), History of Science, Stanford University (2015)
Selected fellowships, grants, and awards
- Honorable Mention, 2022 Eurographics Conference on Visualization (EuroVis; top 3 papers)
- Honorable Mention, 2021 Conference on Human Factors in Computing Systems (top 5%)
- Berkman Klein Fellowship, Harvard University (2020)
- National Science Foundation Dissertation Improvement Grant #1941577 ($18,825; 2020)
- Social Science Research Council (SSRC) Social Data Dissertation Fellowship ($15,000; 2020)
- MIT Undergraduate Experiential Learning Opportunity Grant ($15,680; 2020)
- T.S. Lin Fellowship, MIT (2021)
- Outstanding UROP Mentorship Award, MIT (2021)
- MIT Schwarzman College of Computing Grant ($10,188; 2021)
- MIT Digital Humanities Summer Graduate Fellowship (2021)
- MIT Presidential Fellowship (2016)
- Lane Research Grant in the History of Science, Stanford University (2016)
Jamie Wong∗ , Crystal Lee∗ , Vesper Long∗ , Di Wu∗ , Graham Jones∗ . “Let’s Go, Baby Forklift: The Power of Cuteness and the Cuteness of Power on Chinese Social Media,” Social Media + Society (April 2021).
Refereed conference proceedings
Jonathan Zong∗ , Crystal Lee∗ , Alan Lundgard∗ , JiWoong Jang, Daniel Hajas, Arvind Satyanarayan. "Rich Screen Reader Experiences for Accessible Data Visualization," Computer Graphics Forum (May 2022).
🏆 Honorable Mention
Crystal Lee, Tanya Yang, Gabrielle Inchoco, Graham M. Jones, and Arvind Satyanarayan, “Viral Visualizations: How Coronavirus Skeptics Use Orthodox Data Practices to Promote Unorthodox Science Online.” ACM Human Factors in Computing Systems (CHI), 2021.
🏆 Honorable Mention
Alan Lundgard∗ , Crystal Lee∗ , and Arvind Satyanarayan, “Sociotechnical Considerations for Accessible Visualization Design,” IEEE Transactions on Visualization and Computer Graphics (October 2019).
Gracen Brilmyer∗ and Crystal Lee∗ (eds). "This feature has been disabled: Critical intersections of disability and information studies," First Monday (January 2023).
Crystal Lee, ed., Glimpses: British Visions of War and Peace (exhibit essay collection).
Reviews, essays, and reports
Crystal Lee, "Review: A History of Data Visualization and Graphic Communication," Information and Culture 60.1 (Spring 2022).
Crystal Lee∗ and Jonathan Zong∗ , "Consent is Not An Ethical Rubber Stamp," Slate (August 30, 2019).
Crystal Lee, "Global Conflict Risk Index Final Consulting Report," prepared for the Peace and Stability Unit, Joint Research Center, European Commission.
Crystal Lee, "Wartime Collaborations in Computing and Intelligence Collection," in Crystal Lee, ed., Glimpses: British Visions of War and Peace (exhibit essay collection).
Data visualization and museum projects
Crystal Lee, Jonathan Zong, Anna Arpaci-Dusseau, Katherine Huang, Mateo Monterde, Ethan Nevidomsky, Tanya Yang, Anna Meurer, Soomin Chun, and Arvind Satyanarayan, The Data Visualizations Behind Coronavirus Skepticism (interactive digital project).
Crystal Lee∗, Murphy Temple∗, Meade Klingensmith∗, Holly Dayton∗, Glimpses: British Visions of War and Peace (museum exhibition), Stanford University.
- "On Data Justice and Accessible Systems," Code4Lib (May 24, 2022).
Invited seminar talks
"Who’s responsible for responsible tech?" University at Buffalo, Computer Science and Engineering Seminar (May 8, 2023).
"Viral Visualizations: How Coronavirus Skeptics Use Orthodox Data Practices to Promote Unorthodox Science Online." DUB Shorts, University of Washington (July 14, 2021).
"Academic Ableism and New Paradigms for Design." The Science Speak-Easy, University of Colorado-Boulder (May 17, 2021).
"Visualizing Misinformation: Digital Ethnography and Computational Methods in a Pandemic." MIT Digital Humanities Speaker Series (March 18, 2021).
"Beyond Visualization: Technoableism and New Paradigms for Design."Reimagining Access: Inclusive Technology Design for Archives and Special Collections, ArtCenter College of Design (February 11, 2021).
"The Promises and Perils of Data Visualization," Tufts STS Seminar, Tufts University (November 13, 2020).
"Learning from COVID-19 Data Visualizations." Berkman Klein Center for Internet and Society, Harvard University (October 28, 2020).
"Lining Things Up: Mapping Time, Power, and Politics," History of Visualization / Visualizations in History. Center for Science and Society, Columbia University (April 8, 2017).
Invited academic roundtables and panels
"Going Viral: How Covid Misinformation Spreads Online" (invited panel with Carl Bergstrom and Chase Small). Scientists Speak Up, Stanford University (July 29, 2021).
"Prototyping AI ethics futures: Rights, access, and refusal" (invited roundtable with Alex Taylor and Mara Mills). JUST AI joint event between Ada Lovelace Institute, British Academy, and the UK Arts and Humanities Research Council (June 23, 2021).
"Talking About and Thinking with Disability" (invited panel with Cora Olson and Ashley Shew). STS as Critical Pedagogy, James Madison University (June 23, 2021).
"Disability Justice & Crip Technoscience: Racism & Ableism in AI & the Future of Technology" (with Damien Patrick Williams and Lydia X.Z. Brown). Autistic Women and Nonbinary Network Liberating Webinar Series (April 23, 2021).
"Data By Touch," North American Cartographic Information Society (October 15-16, 2020).
Invited public talks
"Preparing the Next Generation of Technologists: Insights from the Responsible Computing Challenge," with Craig Newmark, Andrew Merluzzi, Lorena Huang Liu, Reem Suleiman, and Steve Azeka (moderated by J. Bob Alotta). MozFest (March 22, 2023).
Invited commentary, "The Moderate" (script by Ken Urban), Central Square Theater and Catalyst Collaborative: Science Play Reading Series, Cambridge Science Festival (October 3, 2022).
Moderator, "Education in a Mixed AI Reality," MozFest Dialogues and Debates with Judith Okonkwo, Angela Chen, and Maize Longboat (March 11, 2022).
"More Data, More Problems: Lessons from the Far Right Internet." U.S. Department of Health and Human Services (June 10, 2021).
"Radical Possibilities for Technology" (with Christine McRae and Regan Sommer McCoy). YX Foundation and the Radical AI Podcast (May 18, 2021).
"Teaching Responsible Computing in Context: Models, Practices, and Tools," SIGCSE Technical Symposium on Computer Science Education (with Stacy Doore, Atri Rudra, Omowumi Ogunyemi, Trystan S. Goetze, Mehran Sahami, Thomas Cortina, and Kiran Bhardwaj). Toronto, Canada and online (March 15–18, 2023).
"Everyone Likes Access,'' with Michele Friedner, Daniel Greene, Allison Fish, Vijayanka Nair, and Beth Semel. Society for the Social Studies of Science. Cholula, Mexico (December 7-10, 2022).
"Incorporating Ethics into Computer Science Education,'' with Bobby Schnabel, Kathy Pham, Casey Fiesler, Helena Mentis, and Atri Rudra. Computing Research Association Conference at Snowbird. Snowbird, UT (July 19-21, 2022)
"STS as Critical Pedagogy'' (roundtable discussion), with Emily York, Anna Geltzer, Michael Klein, Sean Ferguson, Marisa Brandt, Jim Malazita, Matthew Harsh, Shelby Dietz, Matt Wisnioski, Nicole Mogul, Kathryn de Ridder-Vignone, and Lindsay Smith. 4S 2021 (virtual).
"Viral Visualizations: How Coronavirus Skeptics Use Orthodox Data Practices to Promote Unorthodox Science Online.'' ACM CHI. Yokohama, Japan [virtual] (May 8-13, 2021).
"Multisensory Mapping and Design,'' American Association for Geographers. Denver, CO (April 6-10, 2020). [cancelled due to COVID-19]
"Practicing Disability Justice: A Working Group on Bringing Activist Praxis into our Teaching and Research,'' (with Cynthia Bennett and Joanne Woiak), Society for Disability Studies. Columbus, OH [virtual] (April 3-5, 2020).
"Sociotechnical Considerations for Accessible Visualization Design,'' (with Alan Lundgard), IEEE VIS 2019. Vancouver, Canada (October 20-25, 2019).
"Modeling Flavor,'' History of Science Society Annual Meeting. Seattle, WA (November 1-4, 2018).
''Visualizing Historical Knowledge,'' History of Science Society Annual Meeting. Toronto, Canada (November 9-11, 2017).
Discussant and chair, "Computing and Science: Application and Influences.'' History of Science Society Annual Meeting. Toronto, Canada (November 9-12, 2017).
"History Along a Line: Historical Timelines and the Digital Humanities,'' Tradition and Transformation. Emmanuel College, University of Cambridge, UK (September 18-20, 2017).
"One Nation Under Quantification: Measuring Nazi-ness in post-1945 Germany,'' History of Science Society Annual Meeting. Atlanta, GA (November 3-6, 2016).
"Joseph Priestley’s Charts of History & Biography, Redrawn,'' Digital Humanities Australasia. University of Tasmania, Hobart, Australia (June 20-23, 2016).
"Hidden Narratives: Inventing Universal History in Joseph Priestley’s Charts of History & Biography,'' Columbia History of Science Group Annual Meeting. Friday Harbor Biological Research Station, University of Washington. Friday Harbor, WA (March 11-13, 2016).
Organized seminars, panels, and conferences
"Toward Accessible Data Representations workshop,'' IEEE Visualization (co-organized with Arvind Satyanarayan, Danielle Szafir, Keke Wu, and Alan Lundgard). Speakers: Cynthia Bennett, Chancey Fleet, Zoe Gross, Ariel Schwartz, and Rua Williams.
"Subtle CSCW Traits: Tensions Around Identity Formation and Online Activism in the Asian Diaspora" workshop, Computer Supported Cooperative Work (with Calvin Liang, Alexandra To, Emily Tseng, Amy Zhang, Kimberley Allison, Neilly Tan, Ruotong Wang, and Sachin Pendse).
Conference Plenary Session: "Making and Doing History: On Non-Traditional Modes of Critical Engagement'' roundtable discussion, Society for the History of Technology, New Orleans, LA (with Ranjodh Dhaliwal).
Misinformation Working Group Invited Speaker Series, Harvard University: Gerald Mullally (UK Prime Minister's Office), "G7 Vaccine Confidence Campaign and Research Partnerships''; Yvonne Lee (Facebook), "Misinformation Policy.''
Columbia History of Science Annual Meeting, University of Washington, Friday Harbor Marine Station (program chair with Nathan Kapoor, 2019-2020).
"Technologies of Taste'' panel, History of Science Society, Seattle, WA (with Hannah Leblanc).
Cross-STS Seminar Series, Massachusetts Institute of Technology (with Elena Sobrino, 2017-18).
2017 Workshop on the History of the Physical Sciences, Princeton University (co-organized with Brad Bolman, Jenne O’Brien, and Michael McGovern).
Invited workshops have been marked in bold.
Data Analysis Donuts: Internal Discussion at ObservableHQ on misinformation (2022)
Responsible Computer Science Education: NSF-funded Workshop on Inclusive and Intersectional Research and Analysis in Engineering and Computer Science (invited participant), Stanford University (August 25–26, 2022). Report for Gendered Innovations.
Greater Boston Areas AI Ethics Lightning Round. Ethical Issues in Computing and AI: Research Questions and Pedagogical Strategies, Harvard University (June 1, 2022).
Access Washing in Data Policy and Practice (invited roundtable discussant). Minderoo Centre for Technology and Democracy, University of Cambridge (March 3, 2022).
Flash talk, 2021 VIS Summer Camp (co-organized by Universities of Florida, Arizona, Utah; Northwestern, Northeastern, and MIT).
"The Future of the Digital Archive: Data Hoarders and Radical Librarianship," House/Keeping: Domestic Accumulation, Decluttering, and the Stuff of Kinship in Anthropological Perspective, Laboratoire d'Anthropologie des Mondes Contemporains, Université libre de Bruxelles (May 31–June 2, 2021).
"Methodological Challenges to Studying Online Radicalization'' (with John A. Maldonado and Jonas Kaiser). Workshop discussion, Berkman Klein Center for Internet and Society Festival of Ideas (May 7, 2021).
ACM FAccT Doctoral Consortium. Virtual conference (March 3-10, 2021).
Discussion on "Viral Visualizations'' project: MIT Data + Feminism Lab (March 26, 2021); University of Washington Social Futures Lab (February 9, 2021).
Discussant, "Cripping the History of Computing.'' MIT HASTS Program Seminar.
Discussant, "Searching for Google." MIT HASTS Program Seminar.
"The Multiple Autonomies of Self-Driving Cars." MIT HASTS Program Seminar.
Discussant, "Crafting Nanotechnology for Art and Heritage Conservation." MIT HASTS Program Seminar.
"Lining Things Up: Mapping Time, Power, and Politics." MIT HASTS Program Seminar.
"Digital Methods in History," History of Science Workshop, Stanford University.
Asterisks denote published student co-author.
- Social and Ethical Responsibilities of Computing (SERC) Scholars: Designing Participatory AI Systems Reading Group (with Elizabeth Bondi-Kelly, 2022-23)
- Harvard Climate Justice Design Fellowship: Jacqueline Thanh, VAYLA New Orleans (Fall 2022)
- Accessible Interactions (published in EuroVis): JiWoong Jang∗ (Carnegie Mellon, summer 2021)
- The Social Life of Climate Data: Casey Hong, Emma Chabane (spring 2021)
- The Data Visualizations Behind Coronavirus Skepticism (interactive essay): Kat Huang∗ , Anna Arpaci-Dusseau∗ , Tanya Yang∗ , Ethan Nevidomsky∗ , Anna Meurer∗ , Soomin Chun∗ , Mateo Monterde∗ (fall 2020)
- Viral Visualizations (published in ACM CHI 2021): Tanya Yang∗ , Gaby Inchoco∗ (summer 2020)
- Let's Go, Baby Forklift (published in Social Media + Society): Vesper Long∗ (summer 2020)
- History of braille uniformity: Zhirui Xiong (summer 2020)
Dissertation committee advising
- Jacqueline Thanh (DSW candidate, USC Dworak-Peck School of Social Work)
- Spring 2023: Guest judge for final presentations, "Rage Against the Machine Learning" (Dalia Muller) and "Machine Learning and Society" (Atri Rudra and Kenny Joseph), University at Buffalo
- Spring 2023: "Academic Ableism," Feminist Disability Studies (Lydia XZ Brown), Georgetown University
- Spring 2020: "Methods in Spatial History," Intro to Digital HIstory (Stephan Risi), MIT
- Fall 2019: "Mapping and Forensic History," Forensic History (Kate Brown), MIT
- Spring 2020: Medieval Economic History in Comparative Perspective (MIT; no evaluation, COVID)
- Fall 2019: Sugar, Spice, and Science: A Global History of Science (Harvard, evaluation: 5.0/5.0)
- Fall 2018: American History from 1865 (MIT, evaluation: 7.0/7.0)
- Fall 2017: Introduction to Anthropology (MIT, evaluation: 6.9/7.0)
- 2021: Program Committee, Visualization for Social Good Workshop, IEEE Visualization}
- 2020: Program Committee, ACM Conference on Fairness, Accountability, and Transparency
- Publications: ACM FAccT, ACM CHI, IEEE VIS, Public Culture, NeurIPS (ethics committee)
- Grant review: Just Tech Fellowship, Social Science Research Council
- 2017: Judge, MIT INSPIRE; Committee, MIT Digital Technology Teaching Awards
- 2016-18: Co-founder and Treasurer, Science Studies Student Committee, MIT
- 2016-17: Department Representative, MIT Graduate Student Council
- Viral Visualizations (2021): Slate, World Health Organization Infodemic Management, POLITICO, L'actualité, STAT, MIT News, The Dissenter podcast, Random Walks podcast, Le Monde binaire
- Disability and design (2020): Al Jazeera English, MIT News
- Coalition for Critical Technology
- Association for Computing Machinery (ACM)
- Society for Disability Studies (SDS)
- Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers (IEEE)
- History of Science Society (HSS)
- Advisory board member, Disability Inclusion Fund, Borealis Philanthropy (2022-23)
- Advisory board member, WorkingWell Assistive Technology for Autistic/Neurodivergent Individuals and their Employers (2022)
- Advisory board member, Reco(r)ding CripTech Project, Criptech Incubator, Leonardo (the International Society for Arts + Sciences + Technology), 2022